The United Nations in Yemen
Yemen is in the midst of a protracted political, humanitarian and developmental crisis. With 24.1 million people – 80 per cent of the population, in need of humanitarian aid and protection, it is now the largest humanitarian crisis in the world.
More than 14 million people are in acute need and more than three million people have been displaced from their homes since 2015.
The collapse of public institutions that provide healthcare, water, sanitation and education has exacerbated an already dire situation. Prior to the recent conflict, Yemen was already the poorest in the Arab region suffering from weak human development outcomes compounded with high population growth, repeated local conflicts, chronic food insecurity and uncertain political transition.
The Yemeni economy is also facing extraordinary fiscal challenges. Yemen has lost 90 billion USD in economic output and more than 600,000 people have lost their jobs. Fifty-eight percent of the population is living in extreme poverty.
Against this backdrop, the United Nations and partners are committed to delivering essential humanitarian and development assistance. The United Nations is represented by 21 resident and non-resident agencies, funds, and specialised programmes with presence of the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen.
- The Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) was admitted to the UN on 30 September 1947 [A/RES/108 (II)].
- The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) was admitted to the UN on 14 December 1967 [A/RES/2310 (XXII)].
- On 22 May 1990, the two countries merged to form the Republic of Yemen and have since been represented as one Member State with the name "Yemen".
- The United Nations-led talks resulted in a ceasefire agreement for Hudaydah port in December 2018, which gave new impetus to end the crisis in Yemen and created hope for alleviating the humanitarian crisis.
- The United Nations collaborated with 254 humanitarian partners to agree on priorities and a coherent strategy to meet the needs of 13 million people in 2018.
- The UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) is the main guiding strategic framework of the UN system operational activities for development. Yemen's UNDAF has been extended four times, with the current extension ending in 2020.